Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, cognitive impairments, and repetitive behaviors. It can range from very mild to severe and can occur in all ethnic, socioeconomic, and age groups. Males are four times more likely to have autism than females. Some children with autism appear normal before age 1 or 2 and then will suddenly begin showing signs of autism. The loss of language or social skills they had previously gained is the regressive type of autism.
While there is no known cure for autism, there are special treatments and education that many children with autism spectrum disorders can utilize in order to learn and develop properly. Early diagnosis and intervention can greatly reduce afflictions and challenges that come with autism, such as lessen unruly behavior and provide some degree of independence.
Most treatment depends on the needs of the individual. In most cases, a combination of treatment methods is more effective. Autism spectrum disorders sometimes require lifelong treatment.